What is Appendicitis?

The appendix is found near the cecum, a worm like shape found in the large intestine, when mucus or fecal matter blocks the appendix. When this happens opportunistic bacteria invade the appendix and the normal response of the body is to cause inflammation. Once the appendix is inflamed, this can be life threatening because if this ruptures the bacteria will invade the neighbouring organs causing a systemic shock.

Symptoms

Appendicitis may be difficult to recognize because, it might be confusing at times, the pain at first is not localized so the person experiencing it may just feel an abdominal pain. In appendicitis the pain usually occurs in the lower part of the abdomen, near the belly button, the pain usually gets worst to the point of not being able to walk or stand.
Due to the obstruction, you may also experience appetite loss, nausea and vomiting. You may also experience fever, constipation, diarrhea, bloating for a couple of days, rebound tenderness. If any of these symptoms occurs, it is wise to go see a doctor immediately.

Diagnosis

Usually the physician will check your abdomen if there is a sign of rebound tenderness: a sharp pain after the abdomen is gently pushed. The physician will also check your blood to check for the signs of infection and urinalysis for the presence of blood in the urine.

There is also the ultrasound and CT scan that capture images of the inflamed appendix. Once appendicitis is seen, surgery is an immediate action.

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